The different styles of research of two historians - Jacques Le Goff and Aaron J. Gurevich - are analysed and compared. Both understand anthropology as the basis of a new all-encompassing attempt at synthesising historical studies, and produce independent results by taking into consideration literary-hermeneutical, ethnological and structuralistic methods, thus forming two different coexisting "styles of relationship" of medieval mentality. Le Goff and Gurevich contribute to historical anthropology and to a publicly effective renewal of the science of history through explanatory, deterministic and contemporary examination. An interview with A. J. Gurevich on the relationship between social history and the history of mentality is published as an appendix.
How to Cite
Scholze-Irrlitz, L., (1994) “Exploring Historical Anthropology.”, Ethnologia Europaea 24(1), 119-132. doi: https://doi.org/10.16995/ee.1829