Crossing the Spanish-Moroccan Border with Migrants, New Islamists, and Riff-Raff


Practices of movement between Morocco and Spain have for centuries been a common economic, social and political livelihood strategy for thousands of individuals and families inhabiting the border area of Tetmin/Yebala, Morocco. However, only few studies have approached the border as object for anthropological inquiry. This essay analyses the Spanish-Moroccan border from the perspective of three male crossers, as well as from the perspective of Spanish and Moroccan ethno-landscaping in Tetuan. I argue that the common Tetuani ambivalence towards Spain as well as towards the Spanish Protectorate era must be understood within the wider context of the impress of the Moroccan stale on Northern Moroccan identities.

How to Cite

Sorensen, N. N., (2000) “Crossing the Spanish-Moroccan Border with Migrants, New Islamists, and Riff-Raff”, Ethnologia Europaea 30(2), p.87-100. doi:

Publisher Notes

  • This article was previously published by Museum Tusculanum Press.



Ninna Nyberg Sorensen (Center for Development Research, Copenhagen)



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